The Soviets sent the first woman into space, Valentina Tereshkova, in a feat that would take the U. Other nations launched their own rockets and satellites, including Canada in , France in , and Japan and China in But these countries' successes were mere sideshows in what came to be the main event of the space race: NASA's Apollo program. Following the achievements of the crewed Mercury and Gemini programs, NASA engineers embarked on a series of missions to place human footprints on the moon.
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The program got off to a horrific start on Jan. But that catastrophic failure generated extensive redesigns of the spacecraft and a commitment to ensuring that the crew did not die in vain. Just over a year later, on Oct. This was followed two months later by Apollo 8, which sent a crew around the moon and back to Earth. Meanwhile, the Soviets were continuing to build up their spaceflight capabilities, but by the time of Apollo 8, repeated disasters had caused their moon program to lose momentum.
Moondoggle: The Forgotten Opposition to the Apollo Program
In , NASA launched Apollo 9, which conducted critical tests of its lunar module in Earth orbit; and Apollo 10, which all but landed on the moon, bringing its crew within a few miles of the lunar surface. Then, on July 20, , the space race reached its peak when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon and walked on its surface during the Apollo 11 mission. Though there were additional American and Soviet missions, after the successes of the Apollo program, the space race was widely believed to have been won by the U.
Eventually, as the Cold War wound down, both sides agreed to cooperate in space and construct the International Space Station beginning in Some observers, including U.
Vice President Mike Pence, have declared that America is now in a new space race with up-and-coming global superpowers like China and India, as well as old rivals like Russia. But most space policy experts who have spoken to Space. The world is much more complex today than it was during the Cold War, when two major superpowers vied for dominance. While there are some competitive aspects, such as the potential for fights over limited lunar resources , tomorrow's space races will involve a greater number of actors and more muddled win-lose scenarios than before.
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gohu-takarabune.com/policy/cmo/vulir-como-rastrear.php This remarkable feature-length documentary combines rare and unseen archive footage with interviews with the surviving cosmonauts to tell the fascinating and at times terrifying story of how the Russians led us into the space age. A particular highlight is Alexei Leonov, the man who performed the first spacewalk, explaining how he found himself trapped outside his spacecraft miles above the Earth.
Scary stuff. Timings where shown are from the start of the programme in hours and minutes.
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Show less. Last on. Tue 23 Apr BBC Four. First man in orbit Duration: The first spacewalk Duration: Collision in orbit Duration: Music Played.
Moments from disaster. BBC News Magazine's immersive story uses text, images and video to examine how Alexei Leonov, the first person to step into space, nearly didn't return to Earth. The First Spacewalk. Watch the Space Race Collection. Space Race Collection. Mon 13 Oct Tue 14 Oct