First, the existence of a history of medicine subject and a bioethics subject in most universities is positive. However, literature, cinema, visual arts or sociology were only present in a very small number of centers. This situation seems clearly insufficient to provide medical students with a broad understanding of the humanistic consideration of illness and sick people. This statement is reinforced by the academic characteristics of each subject.. Both subjects, history of medicine and bioethics, are clear paradigms of how these disciplines are treated in medical schools.
In Italy, even though history of medicine is offered in almost all universities and is compulsory, its importance is very limited due to the fact that its contents are part of another subject and only one ECTS credit is allowed to be taught. This is clearly inadequate if the basis of the discipline is to be shown to students. The case of bioethics is very similar: it is offered in most universities but as part of another subject and without its own identity.
This is a surprising fact because the importance of bioethics to developing professionalism in medical students is generally acknowledged as essential.
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This chapter informs the reader on how the concept of language is oftentimes defined by political and social entities that decide on the use and expansion of the language. Furthermore, the role of educators is to primarily focus on teaching literacy skills in the standardized variety of the language. The chapter also covers different types of bilingual education programs along with key factors that determine the type of bilingual program in a given context.
The book undoubtedly serves as an excellent resource for a course that examines bilingualism with a special concentration on the Spanish-speaking world.
Bachillerato de Educación Media (Nicaragua)
The arguments and presentation of the themes are easy to follow. Second, each chapter ends with a summary of the chapter, key terms, comprehension questions, application and analysis exercises, research topics and a bibliography. The comprehension questions help students monitor and reflect on the most salient aspects of each chapter. One of the major strengths of the book are the application exercises that invite students to apply the information that they have read to different situations, solve problems and analyze data. These exercises provide a great opportunity for students as well as instructors to ensure that students are grasping well the concepts presented in the chapters.
However, the book is not limited exclusively for a classroom setting because it can be a tool for researchers, linguists and laypeople that are interested in the phenomena of bilingualism. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the different issues related to the field of bilingualism in its current state.
The author successfully adds key studies, including classical and contemporary ones, which are essential to understanding how bilingualism shapes a society and individual. The knowledge of the studies included in the book is paramount for students and researchers alike.
ISBN 13: 9788420635040
For example, a classical study, Ferguson was the first one to introduce the concept of diglossia to characterize the situation in which two languages are utilized in different contexts in the same society. Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
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Characteristics of the subject History in Spanish and Italian Universities. NA: not available.
Characteristics of the subject Philosophy in Spanish and Italian Universities. Characteristics of the subject Anthropology in Spanish and Italian Universities.
Characteristics of the subject Literature in Spanish and Italian Universities. Includes Medical Terminology. Fieschi, M. Matrese, E. Vellone, R. Alvaro, M. De Marinis. Medical humanities in health care education in Italy: a literature review. Not for profit. Why democracy needs the humanities.
- Universidad Nacional de La Plata Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación.
- How to Win Lotteries, Sweepstakes, and Contests in the 21st Century.
- Educación y Humanismo.
- Translation of "Facultad de Educación" in English.
- Assembled 2013, Selected Sermons and Lectures from the General Assembly of the Unitarian Universalist Association.
- Revista de Humanidades (SPAIN)?
Princeton University Press, ,. RCS Libri S. Bompiani, ,. ASME conference,. Bryan, L. Teaching and mentoring the history of medicine: an Oslerian approach. Acad Med, 88 , pp. Schwartz, J. Abramson, I. Wojnowich, R. Accordino, E. Ronan, M. Evaluating the impact of the humanities in medical education.
Mt Sinai J Med, 74 , pp. A complete medical education includes the arts and humanities. Virtual Mentor, 16 , pp. Books and men. In Aequanimitas.
With other addresses to medical students, nurses and practitioners of Medicine. Educ Med, 18 , pp. Ousager, H.
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Humanities in undergraduate medical education: a literature review. Acad Med, 85 , pp. Hawkins, M. Teaching literature and medicine: a retrospective and a rationale. Teaching literature and medicine, pp. Watchler, S. Lundin, M. Humanities for medical students? A quantitative study of a medical humanities curriculum in a medical school program. BMC Med Educ, 6 , pp. Birbaumer, M. Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences, ,. Reforms of the pre-graduate curriculum for medical students: the Bologna process and beyond.
Swiss Med Wkly, ,. Doukas, L. McCullough, S. Medical education in medical ethics and humanities as the foundation for developing medical professionalism. Acad Med, 87 , pp. Hunter, R. Charon, J. Acad Med, 70 , pp. The writing cure: can understanding narrative make you a better doctor?.